Ecological Time-Factor System
Brief English summary: by Johan Sandwall - okt 1994
Taxes and tax systems have been discussed in all times outside and within the political parties. Today most green parties discuss the possibilities to change from taxation of labour to taxation of raw material and energy. Even if this is one step in the right direction, we can be sure it is only treatment of symptoms - and ecologically wrong too.
The great injustice today will stay with that new taxation base. The injustice is that the lowest payed is forced to work longer time to fulfil his duties against the society than the weil payed has to. The well payed has opportunities to deduct expenses and to buy time by working shorter time and so on.
This suggestion is to change to a taxation system with time as base. The reader must remember that we are speaking only of physical objective time and not subjective emotionai or mental time. Physical time do exist objectively quite independent of what people believe or say.
Physical time is something that is equal, fair and can not be manipulated. And up to now it has not been used in any economical models of taxation, though it has been used for long in salarys. The symbol money can be manipulated (and has always been) leading to great injustice and improper balance of the whole economical system.
Raw material and energy as a tax base leads us to a dilemma. If we want to confine (limit, restrict) the base of taxation, then we must raise the tax rate to get enough symbols (money) for the society. Besides, higher tax rates will make us use raw material of lower quality while they have a lower tax rate. One of our most important goals is not only to use less resources but also to make products which last long.
No, let us go from symptom to cause. If we study nature we will flnd two factors:
- Works with constant speed (compare time)
Uses/seeks quality kompare complexity)
Translated to human activites this means the competens/complexity-factor multiplied with time, or in other words: wage per hour multiplied by amount of hours.
This is also ecological and fair. A taxation system where everybody contribute with his knowledge (competence) a certain amount of hours, will work in an ecological direction. Of course it preposes (as usual) that man has reached an appropriate level of consciousness, and does not use his freedom for too much material consumption. The time has come now when the ecological limits have been quite clear with pollution and insight of the second termodynamical law (all "production" leads to a lower energy quality = degeneration of matter = pollution). In other words too much material consumption will soon be a memory from old times as people don't want to contribute to the poisoning of nature (and themselves).
Of course the thorough reader has found a couple of questions with this new tax base. The more connected to old references and thinking, the more questions. It is always easier to prove that a new idea is bad than to prove that it is useful. This depends on that it is often necessary to discuss and judge a new idea within new references, while discussion about it always is done within the old references.
Among the problems we see and have suggestions to solutions are:
- Control function
- Home work
Part time work
Rules to start step by step
Anyway in the future we will work more with time-banks. Time can not be degenerated by inflation. We can set prices which is fair through a long period of time and not set in money with unfair interest rates.
This tax system will also help man to get control over his situation. Through better self-financing we will put the interest rate under pressure, less need of money and so on. Together with human growth man vill reveal the govermental administration as a fiction which is the same as the authority we have given away. When man has reached that level of consciousness he won't need administration of that kind, taxes or even moneysystems.
An ecological tax system with time as a base is a first step towards real freedom.