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a real ecological economy by Karl Gustafson
Translated into english by Ulf Sedenius. Languagecontrol Dana Hofford


It is my firm conviction that the proposal for establishing an absolute value base for the monetary unit itself is unfeasible, since the same product can be manufactured in a variety of different ways and costs. The saleability of a product is also very much determined by the buyer’s subjective evaluations. Therefore, the stability of the economy must be influenced by other methods, a subject worth investigating in its own right. You ignore the fact that the supply of goods is related to the prospect of profits from their production. If the setting of prices follows the energy model, falling profits will lead to a diminished supply of goods and less competition resulting in lower quality, since that’s the only method for lowering prices.

If the market was genuinely free, competition on equal conditions would nonetheless favour an balanced and low price level. The so-called “free market” we have today is, however, a chimera that in fact is the direct opposite to what it pretends to be. It is a cartel-market, controlled by a small number of corporate giants, growing ever fewer, since they continuously keep buying their smaller competitors and each other. The result is high prices plus an impoverished and standardised supply of poor-quality products. What is needed is a genuinely free market. This is where efforts must be made against today’s casino economics. In my opinion, the most efficient method for stabilising money value and improving the quality of life for the greater part of mankind is by setting a limit to the exacting of taxes and counteract tax-shifting and tax planning, since taxes today are to a large extent taken from those with the least means.

The exacting of taxes according to the time-related Time-Tax model with its multitude of consequences and ramifications is, although so far untested in practice in the western world, theoretically an unsurpassed method of creating value stability in economics, equitable wages, an increased productivity and purchasing power, a lower pressure from taxation (more people at work) and higher tax revenue for the state as well as lower expenses. There is nothing to indicate that the theory should not work in reality, because the model is linked to an objective and fixed natural constant, the hour. Such a system is as impervious to manipulation and subjective political influence as the metric system or the laws of nature.

The most advantageous and sustainable way to invest money on production capacity. This is also what happens on the stock exchanges all over the world, where stakes are made on future profits from real production. The illegitimate aspect of this game is that the creators of the capital, those who are physically working within the manufacturing industry, are not awarded the result of their own work. Instead, the money, by means of clever manipulations, is steered over to those who speculate with the results of others’ work.

Two measures are needed to minimise these feudalistic goings-on: on one hand, a transition to a new, unbiased, jurisprudence with new legislation on ownership; on the other hand, the introduction of the time value-base into taxation.

Through these measures, the fruits of work will remain with the workers instead of being forced to cede them to the tax demands of the state, the business owners and to the actors on the speculation market, without understanding how it happened or even that it happened.

By integrating the time value-base into the tax system, a ceiling for taxation will be introduced. In this way, the present arbitrary taxation of labour will be prevented; arbitrary in that no consideration is taken to time requirements. Then the real creators of capital will be able consolidate their own economies, invest in automation and gradually build up future yields in new companies. In this way, they will help stabilize prices which will be balanced by quality demands and the downward pressure upon prices brought about by a genuinely free market and which are the only factors available, especially for the owners of small enterprises.

Natural resources have no cost because the resource belongs to the person who collects them. In the price of a refined product, the part corresponding to the raw materials is zero. Only the added amount of work (expenditure of energy) can be calculated into the price. But on top of this comes the attraction potential of the item vis-à-vis the buyer which is the final factor when deciding about prices.

Of two individuals manufacturing the same products with the same energy value, one of them may possess (e. g. artistic or functional) qualities giving an edge over the other. The product contains an immaterial quality which the buyer appreciates and is willing to pay extra for. This is the reason why money cannot be endowed with a stable value based on energy content. The optimal price of any one item is always the price the buyer is willing to pay. If the price is lower than the manufacturing costs, losses will arise and it will not pay to continue production, which leads to closures and unemployment. That is why the promise of profits stimulates an increased supply of goods with concomitant price fall, quality improvement and value stability. An exact price obtained solely by energy calculation, would be both difficult to do and a disadvantageous marketing factor. So why make the attaining of the goal more difficult than necessary?

The Time-Tax system is about establishing a value base for the economy, i. e. the transactional part of it, specified to the tax system. It is not about the monetary system itself where we already have a value base to settle internal relations (100 öre for 1 krona etc.) and where the value is no longer stable in relation to gold. If we were to apply a value base according to the energy model, we would obtain a static market without impetus for development. We would have a planned economy, a social experiment that capsized rather recently.

An example: Compulsory pricing as was the case in the Soviet state, lead to grotesque consequences. Grains and fodder for livestock were more expensive than bread which lead to the natural consequence that farmers, instead of buying fodder, bought freshly baked bread for feeding the cattle!

It is shown here that a value base corrective in the tax system would have the greatest effects on the economy without compulsion, ideological decisions or political control of prices and leaving the investment impetus intact. The value of the monetary system in relation to the goods and services leads to the best price for quality by means of free competition whereby a more or less stable money value is also attained during normal conditions (in times of peace).

The Time-Tax system is no despotism and differs fundamentally from all today’s “-isms.” In the Time-Tax system, economical justice, material welfare and social security, effects lacking in the other models will arise spontaneously. A harmonisation of the relation between performance and capacity will bring balance in people’s lives, a precondition both for health, material welfare and life quality, as well as creativity and the capacity for development.

The wealthy nations in the world, who require an asymmetrical trade exchange with the developing countries in order to survive, can now through a highly improved technical qualitative and quantitative degree of development, produce at lower costs without having to parasitize on the plundered labour force of the developing countries. The developing countries can then start producing for their own domestic markets and develop their societies in accordance with their own conditions and needs. The Time-Tax system has a developmental force of enormous proportions. The surplus of the western world ought to be put in as aid to the developing countries so that they can expand their economies and concentrate on development, not to mention prevent future wars.

When everybody has good opportunities for making his dreams come true, the willingness to work and creativity are stimulated which diminish the risk for conflicts and war. As a consequence of this, the opportunities for co-operation will increase and development promoting results arise through synergetic effects, favourable to both individuals and society. Peace between former antagonists, domestically and regionally can be reached, since frustrating injustices and inequalities quickly disappear. In this way, we found new sustainable societies, something never previously attained in the classical political economies. A sustainable society is by necessity a just one, which is what the Time-Tax system leads to.

The system is completely in line with the UN Declaration on Human Rights (HR) including all amendments. On the other hand, there is nothing to be found in the HR about the individual’s right to the result of his own work which ought to be considered a central theme in the conditions of mankind (articles 22 & 23). Taxation of the individual’s wages must take place in a system which is fair for everyone; not even this is guaranteed in the HR. Time-tax and its extension time-factor economics satisfy the requirement of justice for all. In its numerous favourable effects, time factor economics has a civilising effect upon the development of society as opposed to the classical political ideologies, founded upon particular interests, egoism, greed, unhealthy concurrence with profit maximisation, which creates conflicts of all kinds leading to violence and war.

All new ideas and propositions have their critics and the Time-Tax system is no exception. To sceptics in the low wage sector, it can be said that those who don’t want to take part in the new system may choose to be taxed according to the old system. There is no obstacle to running both of them in parallel. The results can be compared and will probably answer the question of which system is the most advantageous for people and society.

Within twenty years, the population of the world will have grown from today’s six billion to nine billion people. At this rate of increase, we will have a population of approximately fifteen billion after another twenty years. If we are unable to maintain today’s population, how shall we be able to cope with more than the double of that number? There are some quite nasty speculations circulating about the necessity of reducing the world’s population radically using sheer criminal methods: e. g. spreading contagious illnesses, poisoning and fertility-lowering methods.

Today’s mathematically exponential population increase will become a dangerous threat when limited resources become even more strained. The risk of conflicts and wars will grow to a corresponding degree. Birth control programs are already completely developed in overpopulated regions like India and China. But reports are of the most disagreeable kind, since the methods of population control in those regions are quite brutal, if not to say barbarous.

For many reasons, we ought to help each other solve the innumerable problems of the developing world. But the relation today in practice works like this: the industrial world keeps robbing the developing world of its supply of raw materials, completely neglecting the inhabitants’ living conditions. Awareness of the population growth which will end up in a catastrophe seems to interest the western world only in regard to its own security. No account is taken of the inconceivable suffering that the industrial world’s economic blackmail and political pressure, as well as the actions of the multinational corporations, inflict on the inhabitants of the developing world.

The material aid and infrastructural projects that were foisted on the materially developed countries in Bai Bang, Cabora Bassa, Assuan, Kot Male and so on are not designed primarily to strengthen those places to survive on their own. Instead the aid is intended to enable the profit-maximising corporations and big capital-owners of the world to extract even more cheap raw materials to be exported by low-paid labour. The interests of the local population are patently disregarded.

The western world does not act with the well-being of the developing countries as its primary interest, but rather for its own profit. Those occasions when the intention really has been to help the developing countries (if one can really say that efforts to assuage one’s own conscience are done for their sake) has most often caused unforeseen disruptions to the environment or society, creating new problems. This is an unusually cruel way of pretending to deal with problems, originating from nowhere else than the egocentricity of the Western powers - as conscientious today as earlier in history.

Today the developing countries are paying more in interest than the payments they receive from exports of raw materials. In an attempt to pay off debts and interest payments, the extraction of raw materials increases which unfortunately leads to lower prices on the world market and therefore hardly any increase in income. What does increase, however, is soil erosion, lowered ground water tables and other environmental devastation, poverty and illnesses. This is most cleverly worked out by those without conscience who at any price wish to increase their short-term profits.

Tomas Malthus and in later times Georg Borgström were pessimists regarding the possibilities of a future world in security. None of them, not even the Enlightenment philosophers, nor the creators of the classical economic theories, could identify the mistake in their economic models: the lack of the independent factor – the value base as an absolute corrective.

Viewing today’s population growth causally, we see that a large part of the high nativity rate is caused by poverty and famine in the world. Having many children is a kind of old age insurance in societies with non-existent social security systems. This is a cultural phenomenon we can influence by improving the survival conditions. The increased fertility engendered by poverty could be soon neutralised by health-promoting measures where both the cultural and the health aspects are affected by a value-neutral and equitable economy. Naturally some time will be needed before we reach zero growth and hopefully even see a reduction in the population.

We very well know that the Scandinavian and other welfare countries have a low, in some cases very low, nativity which evidently can be explained by the material well-being in those countries. The need for a large number of children as an insurance for old age drops off for both for worldly and psychosocial reasons. When the food supply is abundant and literacy and particularly higher education widespread, the understanding for causal connections will increase, which will also significantly reduce nativity. Having many children will become expensive and limit the parents opportunities to various qualities of life and this will also spontaneously reduce the number of children born.

If every couple have three or more children, the population will increase. If they have two, the population will neither increase nor decrease. If they only have one child, the population will decrease. Now the question is whether it's too late to take measures for controlling the population, or if we can manage the situation within the arithmetically imposed time frames.

According to UN population statistics, 100 millions acts of sexual intercourse take place every day, yielding 910 000 pregnancies, of which 50 % are unplanned and 25 % outright unwanted. Every day 150,000 abortions are fulfilled and 356,000 newly borne children die from bacterial or viral infections. In addition, a great number of women die in connection with abortions and childbirth. So the the net addition is 400,000 newly borne children per day or approximately 144 million per year. At least 30 million of these 144 million children are abandoned and thrown out on the street, or sold as slaves to industries, as private manual labour force or for prostitution. According to UN figures approximately 250 million of children from the age of 5 to 14 work in slave-like conditions.

An efficient way of righting these wrongs is to introduce a new economic model of society that will slow down the senseless profit-maximising strategy of today. This will give all individuals judiciary rights to make a living off of their own work. Since the Time Tax system raises life quality and is also applicable in every nation on the planet regardless of religion, culture, level of civilization, or form of government, there is probably no other method for population control that is as effective or humane.

In contrast to the brutal methods that are applied all over the world today, the Time Tax reformation is a multi-faceted and flexible system that should be received with joy by those who are poor and exploited. In order to achieve population control sooner, the industrial world should put all of its resources to work. Intense alphabetisation and educational campaigns have to get started all over the planet. Weaponry disarmament and the resources released in this action should be invested in raising living standards and disease prevention.

To prevent an in a close future forthcoming populative catastrophe we have to get started now. By gradually spreading the Time Tax System along with making other efforts, we could probably bring about a major change within a decade.

It’s time for revolutionary thinking and time to liberate mankind from the repressive control held by those in power! May humans live in accordance with his preconditions emotionally, artistically, socially, economically, technically and cognitively [intellectually]! May a staggering development set us free from today's powerlessness and paralysis!

If the Time Tax system prevailed politically, it would stimulate inventors to found heaps of new enterprises, new workplaces and a technical evolution unprecedented in our country. The Time Tax System solves largely all economical impediments that today limit the technical development and counteract new inventions. Society is improved permalogically, democratically, socially, economically and technically, thus consolidating sustainable planning. The whole concept works analogously with natural laws and nature's own systems. This also entails a scientific way of relating to emerging problems.

Today's progressive taxation of incomes increased from overtime work makes tax increase to a larger extent than the salary does. This makes overtime work unprofitable at the same time as the possibility of building up one's own capital is efficiently prevented. In the time factor calculation of the tax rate, the hours outside the Time Tax are added without taxation; this includes overtime. When using this system, the self-financing capacity is expanded and the rate of interest is nudged towards zero. This effect is impossible to reach in any of the old systems.

The state favors the profit maximizing principle of capitalism, putting the citizen in a tight spot economically, exceeding the expenses for fiscal taxes and charges. Whence the need to take a loan for purchasing e.g. a car is created - an astutely arranged service for banks and car-manufacturers, which the average car-buyer is hardly aware of. Furthermore, this is an environmental issue, which the government claims to care about. However, through its negligence of discarding intentional errors in the merchandise, it actually makes things worse from an environmental viewpoint. This also applies to the rest of the industry and trade that deliberately makes merchandise with a shortened life-span just so that more merchandise can be sold. Short-span merchandise means more garbage, which increases ecological expenses for the society.

The inventor and the genuine producer (often the same person), is passionate about doing his best, in the likeness of an artistic soul; inventing, constructing and producing quality. Maximizing profit is not of primary interest; it is doing a job well that spurs the inventor on. The inventor manifests his personality through his work. This is what drives a creative person to make new inventions and to improve old ones. As long as there is money to be made on earlier economically maximized constructions there won't be anybody on the market of profit maximizing who will market the inventor's new products.


Those who are worried about consumption hysteria and gadget madness as possible consequences of the Time Tax system can can relax. In today's economics consumption can be seen as "slum economics" where people can never afford to buy what they really need. Consumers fritter their money away on substitutes of inferior quality since the rare quality products seem to expensive. Bad products force good ones out in the economic system of today. Investigations in the USA show that 99 % of the raw materials and components for product manufacturing end up on the efuse tip on average 6 weeks after being sold. (Source: Comerstones Right Livelihood Foundation.

The life-span of all products being sold today can be doubled at the least. This would shrink the waste dumps to half their size. If a product had a life-span of 1 year instead of 6 weeks, the waste dumps would shrink to a little less than an eighth or 12 % of their present size. Since there is nothing preventing us from manufacturing products that will last for many years, the waste dumps and the destruction of the environment could be shrunk to a few percent of the present level.

It can be expected that recycling productivity methods will become the norm in the ecological system that the Time Tax system will conduce. Durable investments will ease the financial load, when diminished energy expenses increase both acquisitive power and investment capacity in other areas. A significant amount of ecological inventions are already ready to be put into use as soon as risk funds are available. If acquisitive power of similar products increases, industry and trade will increase as well. Thus, quality products at the best price will get available and will compete against mass-produced bargain-maximized trash products. This will be the case because the only chance that the free market offers small enterprises, with their limited resources to affirm themselves against big businesses, is by aiming for making high quality products available at low prices. Their innovative capacity warrants that only the best products from each specific trade will be marketable.

The new economical structure puts a premium upon local production which lowers transportation and pollution costs, at the same time as the immense company conglomerates, the dominant multi- and transnational enterprises of today, lose market shares. Experience shows that access to a gross capital leads to investments in technical improvements and life quality; alternative energy systems in the ecological sector and higher quality standards on products of any kind. This lessens the environmental damage and gives us a chance to restore our over-burdened planet.

I don’t think I've ever met any one who hasn't defended the viewpoint that cars have to rust if the car companies are going to have a chance to sell new cars. This wiewpoint is valid as long as one's own car is relatively new. Most likely, it’s the other way around; more cars would get sold if they didn't rust. Of course, to get the system in gear, preparatory measures must be taken. The fuel tax should be lowered and fixed costs for vehicle ownership should be abolished. The car tax and other minor costs should be included in the fuel cost, as well as traffic insurance. This is a more just system, since a vehicle that is in use for a short time will cost less and a vehicle in use for a longer time will cost more.

This corresponds with the correlation of the accident risks to the use of time. Non-rusting cars are one-hundred percent recyclable in contrast to the molecular garbage we spread as rust all over the planet and which can never be recycled. Cars, of course, shall be driven by hydrogen gas, which leaves no exhaust fumes. This scenario is a necessity in Time Tax economics when new enterprising and initiative increase, unemployment declines and a higher income from untaxed working hours become everyone's prerogative. The rate of interest will decrease, which makes all economical transactions easier, at the same time as productive activities in society increase.

Everything alive is created by natural laws, which have also created physical matter. Physical matter is in turn unconditionally involved in the continuation of everything alive. Because of that it is preposterous that social systems with adjacent support systems aren’t based on natural laws. In contrast to animals, who live in an ecological system, man lives in circumstances based on an economical system that goes against nature and is opposed to ecological conditions. Even if humans with their ability of abstraction and “free will” can chart systems and functions that don’t correspond to their constitutional nature, there should be no reason for them to deliberately construct opposing conditions to natural order. In spite of everything, this is what has been happening and continues to happen, something that has given the authorities the “statutory right” to plunder and ravage their subjects at their own whim. The economy and the judicial and political systems in society must correspond to man’s constitutional nature and to natural laws, if a constructive and synergetic cooperation between the fundamental conditions for human life is to be brought about.

The kind of economics that has largely been dominant the past 3,000 years, is a theoretical anomaly. It is a violation of humanity and the entire planet. Its distinctive feature is that it has opened all the floodgates to unrestricted fraud, where a shrewd and immoral minority was cheating the meek and good-hearted majority on the result of their work without these people understanding how it all came about. This ancient economic lie has been kept alive for thousands of years without significant change. Apart from earth-quakes, volcano eruptions, cosmic catastrophes and the like, largely all other the catastrophes that struck humanity have had their origin in an economy that has stolen from the poor and given to the rich. An economy that has taken the power away from ordinary people and given it to those who derive satisfaction from practising power and making decisions for others; today as in historical times.

Regarding the judicial order, it may be in place to once again emphasize that the right of ownership has never been statuted in the Swedish justice-positivist Law. The Right of Ownership is categorized under the Purchase Code and the Code of Land Law. This conduces that only someone who owns a sufficient amount of money can own something of worth for his own livelihood, whereas those lacking money miss out on the advantages that ownership entails. The poor are forced to take loans and pawn their property when making investments or when buying durable goods. The poor are forced to take loans and pawn their property when making investments or when buying durable goods.In practise this means that the only thing really possible to be possessed is that which is actually bought /for money. A possessor of money can own. Who doesn’t possess money at all is as well incapable of owning. A heritage and a gift can be owned but are at the same time subject to restrictions. It's important to emphasize that work doesn't necessarily lead to ownership.

The state controls the individuals but not in the same way that the slave owner possesses the slave, rather, its control is more cunning and calculated. The slave-owner’s capital is his slaves, which he has to care for and keep alive. The state has no personal linkage to its production factors (i. e. the slaves), but demands the result of their productive capacity without them seeing that they are being deprived of the result of their own work. When someone with enough money buys a company, he becomes the owner of both the company and its employees.

This is proven by the fact that the owner can for various reasons, shut the company down, plummeting the former employees into unemployment, depriving them of their living and leaving them penniless. These are ownership conditions, similar to those the slave-owner had to his slaves. Is there a difference? Well, the slaves of former times realized their own captivity, while the slaves of today do not. What has happened today is an illusory redemption from the ancient slavery, but it is still possible to own other people’s living conditions without anybody questioning this.

Making further use of the analogy, ownership conditions imply that the slave, in historical as well as in contemporary times, can be robbed of the results of his own work. Why isn’t there a law stating the subordinate's right to his/her own work? In modern-day economics, the more the subordinate works to reach economic security and consolidation, the more taxes he/she will have to pay. With that kind of social order, the individual taxpayer isn't given the opportunity to develop his/her own specific talent or to govern his/her life according to his/her own preconditions.

Those who uninhibited use economical witchcraft stratagems for their own benefit, are perhaps not fully aware of the criminal and harmful consequences of their activity, which will strike them as hard a blow as anybody else at the time of judgement. This implies that their unhesitating parasitic behavior doesn’t originate in rational thinking, but rather in an emotional, compulsory behavior which in previous times denoted the cardinal sin greed. A modern diagnosis for this kind of behavior is psychopathy or, if the subject has greater intellectual and social resources, sociopathy; both of them classified as personality disorders (Cf. cerebral researcher Matti Bergström’s “Brains in Politics”, W&W editions, 1999).

The unfortunate widely-spread, unreserved adoration of these deployment marauders in politics and economy indicates that the defective contains an enormous suggestive power. Since year 2000, a great part of the Swedish population has been involved in speculation upon the result of others’ work by the numerous savings funds, running through the country like a forest fire due to sanctions by the social-democratic government. The latest pension system also rests partly on share speculation. The social-democratic government has ended up promoting the very political line they claimed and still claim to criticize and want to replace. A number of decades ago, today’s politics wouldn’t have been possible without massive protests by the party's voters. It’s about time to expose the system error and spread the insight that getting liberated from an age-old curse is possible, despite all misconceptions on the contrary.

Although production capacity has been raised to overwhelming heights with the help of modern technology, employees nowadays receive only a small part of the result as salary (subsistence level). But even within real production and its administration, segregated salaries do occur unequitably (the salary swing). The underlying intention of this is most likely to create separate salary groups to compete against one another, creating disunion among the employees. The jealousy and scapegoat trick confuses the wage-earners so that these won't turn against the immediate cause of the salary injustice, i.e. the slave salary in relation to the enormously increased production profits.

As long as the jealousy syndrome is perpetrated, the under-paid workers can never co-operate enough to look for a solution in the establishment of a new ownership law, bestowing the individual the ownership of the result of his own work. Today there is no such law. People in leading positions, such as politicians and bankers, accord themselves and selected civil servants high salaries and other privileges. Thus they receive the subordinates’ loyalty without accomplishing anything actually productive. Bureaucracy, accounting, law chinoiserie, control, surveillance, political hypocrisy work and money jobbery can hardly be considered truly productive. Those phenomena would be impossible to sell/export. Workers on the shop-floor, in the care sector, in service jobs and necessary service professions perform the actual production which induces capital. At the same time, they are the ones receiving the lowest salaries.

The later are society’s real slaves whom, because they don’t understand the causal connections, can not fully grasp the situation that they're in. Because of the unnecessary costs arising from high salaries and an overpopulation in the administration there is an unacceptable salary gap between the high and the low paid workers, which even applies to the directly productive and capital-inducing work. The true intention underlying the differences in salary is to cause a split among workers to make them stride with each other instead of co-operating to bring about the abolition of the system error; namely the lack of an imposition technical value basis.

Whereby the view of salary formation is limited to covering trade-union isolated islands. Injustice is experienced solely in relation to the “neighboring unions” (a symptom of the deliberately created intrigues in economics and politics), and the actual cause for the injustice is lost. Stretching the scope, taxes, rates of interest, profits and dividends absorb capital from the real production result. In all political contexts, an infernal trick permanently keeps reappearing; namely misplacing the victims’ discontent on something other than the real cause. In plain English, a “ghost target” is created.

The joint Public Debt (in 2005) is still over 1400 billion SEK. The interest on that sum (7 %) amounts to more than 100 billion SEK per year (according to National Treasury Board figures). The state itself has lent money for consumption instead of the usual solution - investments. Thus avoiding famine riots and perhaps, a revolution. For those in power, no price is high enough for them to maintain their positions. The Swedish public debt still amounts to 280,000 SEK per tax-payer plus 23,000 SEK per tax-payer in annual mortgage (2005). Talk about exceeding one's assets!

That debt can never be paid off with the present political line, not without creating other difficulties. We are stuck in taking loans, needing to borrow more money to pay the interest for our old loans. That way our debt automatically increases and would continue to do so until the end of time or until the whole game collapses. At present, we daily hear that “Sweden is doing better than ever.” Yes. For the rationalized industry and the shareholders who no longer need the unemployed and never will this may be true.

This because robots and automation have taken their job assignments delivering the workers to an existence in an increasing slum and, in the extreme cases homelessness.

Aren't the blessings of technology supposed to be beneficial to all of society? Or is it just a few privileged personas that are to be gratified with the blessings of luxury and abundance to an extent that the low-paid could never even dream of? The unions have actively contributed to this course of events by their salary-raising fundamentalism without targeting the far more important ownership relations. Was there no other way of solving the problem? Now there is something that we can do… with the help of the Time Tax model which has been known by several of society’s more influential personalities since 1976. (Jan 26, 1976 is when the Time Tax project was proposed to the Swedish Parliament). Had the problems been solved then and there, today's public debt could have been avoided, but will instead be a burden on every tax-payer's shoulders for a long time to come..


Something significant for the mechanism of classical slavery was the whole job performance falling to the slave-owner’s share; except the costs covering food and accommodation, both "benefits" were, as a rule, of very poor quality. But the slave represented a capital that ought to be kept alive so that the yield would not be lost. This nuisance has been eliminated in today's capitalist monopolistic economic system.

Today's slavery is more brutal than ever before, since the slave's anonymity in society makes the slave-owner impervious to his own slave, thereby ruling out the risk of being struck by empathy for his victim. Neither the embezzling institution (the tax authority and the head of the enforcement district) nor the state politicians lift so much as a finger when the slave is evicted from his flat, nor when divorce is at the door, nor when the children drift aimlessly on the streets, nor when the father drinks due to unemployment, and possibly end up taking his own life. The much boasted of social protective net only works when there's no one there who needs it. And the fact that a family no longer can manage on one salary, soon enough not even on two, confirms that slavery by no means has been demolished. It has merely changed form and is today so sophisticated to the point where the slave himself isn't even aware of the situation that he's in.

In desperation of clinching maintenance possibilities, three million Swedish households gamble on “Bingo Lotto”; a result of the social democrat Swedish Welfare state thought. Every year Swedes lose 25 billions on various kinds of gambling. Three state- owned casinos with poker stations are the most recent examples of the government´s (the social-democracy) desperation. A vast tax fraud takes place in society in which the high and the low, the rich and the poor are all taking part, proves that the social instincts fail when the strains (taxes, charges and interests) become too high.

Hence, confidence in the national government and the politicians diminishes. The income of the truly productive working individuals constitutes, after taxes and interests, such a minimal part of the total result of the performed work, that the notion slavery inevitably springs to mind. Normal jobs don’t pay off; whereby you are forced to work under the table in order to survive.

The embezzling of the establishment yields conflicts and it is a battle where the strongest side conquers. Robbery and greed are the cousins of the claim for political power; these cardinal sins have formed a corporate troika, where the demands and special interests of those involved are met at the expense of the financially weak.

Through all of history, politicians have usurped monopoly over violence and theft. They use force to get what they want. But much wants more and the embezzling escalates until there is nothing left to take, whereby the game implodes and a de-capitalization phase sets in. That’s where we stand today, in the shift of the millennium. May the twenty-first century entail that the present game of cruelty can be annulled and, piece by piece, replaced by a society structure that is governed by life and natural law, benefiting mankind and nature! A dictatorship is ruled with violence. A democracy is ruled with false promises. The violence is clear for all to see, but nobody need take responsibility for the false promises since they are forgotten both by the politicians and the electing citizens as soon as they have been uttered: “HE WHO IS IN DEBT IS NOT FREE."


Natural laws apply equally in the whole universe, but can take on seemingly various exterior forms depending on their position in the cosmos. We do not need to worry about these consequences other than on our own planet which, as you well know, accommodates biological life. On our unique planet, life has come into existence through the workings of natural laws. These are completely unaffected by man’s decisions, how democratically conceived these might be. Since natural and vital laws create life they contribute to sentience (descriptive laws). If this hadn't been the case, life would not have existed.

The conclusion to be made is that all political decisions and measures that contribute to life and its growth, from the sentient being's point of view, must be objectively judicial. Consequently all decisions and measures taken in the opposite direction must be erroneous. Since all life that exists on our planet has been created according to the same natural laws, all life has the right to exist.

If we take a closer look at mankind, (since this is the species that brings about most chaos and creates the most problems on this planet), every individual owns the right of residence and the right of existence. Injustices and oppression are for the most part consequences of the power-political legislation (normative laws). If the good will had been at the base of all decisions, these problems would have been removed long ago.

When observing suffering in the world and questioning its cause, one can, by the law of causality (cause and effect), establish that nature-abhorrent legislation must be a dictating cause for all misery. The natural Laws cannot reasonably be the origin of destruction since these Laws always guard and protect all life. Consequently all politicians who believe themselves entitled to and capable of legislating, must be controlled so that their motions really do correspond with natural and vital laws. Then all democratically devised decisions that are subordinate to natural laws ought to be correct, while all decisions that go against natural laws' life-supporting tendencies ought to be automatically declared non-valid.

An experiment with the Time Tax system ought to be performed - in this chaotic era which we live in, with its accelerating economic-political crises and increasing social unease - under scientific control to find out whether or not the new system works; by the result of the practical outcome. Such an experiment is needed since most people do not consider the scientific causal conclusion convincing enough only as a theory. An analytical and constructive individual can of course realize the indisputable relevance of the new model, which is analogous with all other natural law science.


Shouldn't it be insights in natural science and actual experience of commercial and industrial problems in all of its guises (production processes, financing, risk funds, development possibilities, legal protection of inventors, patent legislation, immaterial jurisprudence) that can be demanded from the leading politicians?

We could use a break to think through the direction of further developments. Scientific knowledge and insights in natural sciences are so extensive today that we can affect and predict the next steps of growth, if we let reason reign. We need our wits about us in order to understand that the old political stratagems have now been played out and that a new model must be brought forward. We have an excellent traction force in the Time Tax system which can slowly be charged with all the necessary reformations. The primary task is to introduce and consolidate this insight among people.

Since the need for education in these matters is enormous, the first step is to find competent helpers and sympathizers. The purpose of this book is to find these.


The translation is 32 pages in total taken from the book written by Karl Gustafson, Deus ex Machina. His book is on 200 pages and can at the moment only be red in Swedish. The Swedish copy can be bought from:
Mach Makers. If you want to buy it, put 240 Swedish crones on the Swedish bank NORDEA-account (Plusgiro): 491 25 45-3. Don’t forget to write your name and address.

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